The comparison seeks to pursue two contradictory examples in the Iranian-Turkish relations, the first one based on conflict and competition while the other based on cooperation and dialogue since one cannot assume a permanent friendship or eternal enmity between the two countries. The reality of their relations has been thus fluctuating for the last three centuries since they signed the Palace of Shirin Treaty between in 1639 after irregular and harsh wars. Since then, whenever the region experienced unrest, the attention would turn to Tehran and Ankara to see the effects of such incidents on the bilateral relations.
On August the third, Saudi Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir met with the delegation of the Higher Committee for Negotiations of the Syrian opposition. The meeting could be considered a major turning point in the Syrian issue, not because of its importance, but for the new significant positions declared by the Saudi minister and conveyed to the delegation
The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 marked the end of the Cold War, which prevailed after World War II between two politically, ideologically, and productively contradicting worlds, the Western-led world of the United States and the Soviet-led world of the East, each with its defensive military arm, the NATO and the efficiently parallel Warsaw Pact
The meeting of the Russian and US president meeting on 8 July 2017, which was held on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Hamburg received a lot of attention world wide. Being the first meeting between the two leaders since Trump received his duties in the White House is not what attracted the uproar, but the volume of the outstanding issues between the two countries, and the distrust and strategic rivalry, which defines the relationship between them at this critical stage.
Unexpectedly, without warning, on the 21st of last June, the new elected French president issued a press statement, which was unsymmetrical to the official French position on the Syrian issue, particularly on the Syrian regime, if not contradicted it. The given statements worried the Syrian opposition and led to further problematic interpretations of how relevant, such sudden statements were to the French policy towards Syria in the foreseeable future.
The battle to seize control of Al-Raqqa city has entered a new phase, following the domination of the US-backed "Syrian Democratic Forces" (QSD). After tightening the cordon on the militants of (Daesh) organisation, as they engage in battles since 6 June inside the city of Raqqa as a part of a massive military campaign that was launched eight months ago. However, the Syrian citizens, who have fled the battlefield, are concerned about what will happen after the battle.
Iran declared the return of the Persian Empire, claiming to be the master of Iraq, Afghanistan, Yemen, Syria and Bahrain, and blatantly threatening the Arabs with its willingness to crush them if they do not bow to the rule of the new Xerxes. Undoubtedly, this Iranian frankness affirmed the nationalist dimension of the Iranian project,
Almost everyone in the Syrian political opposition circles, including activists in the political parties, with all their different currents, along with those who are interested in the public affairs, would agree on the need for a serious and comprehensive revision of the work of these forces and parties that have been active since the launch of the Syrian revolution in March 2011
The common denominator between Russia and Turkey is that they are both descendants of two Euro-Asian empires, but they have been excluded - both procedural and historical - from the arrangements of the Western European house, since the end of the Second World War and the Cold War, to the present day. If we add the current situation of divergence between the Atlantic system and Moscow, along with careful dealing between the system itself and Turkey, then we will see one of the determinants of the Russian-Turkish rapprochement, which can upset geopolitical equations, if it goes ahead.
The Russian achievements in Aleppo at the end of last year did not lead to significent changes in the strategic equations of the multilateral and multidimensional conflict that have been taking place in Syria for the last six years, but it seems that such achievements have managed to push the conflict few steps towards its final destiny